Bipolar treatment with Cannabis Oil
Bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic depression, causes severe mood swings that consist of emotional highs and lows. When the patient becomes depressed, they might feel sad or hopeless and experience a loss of interest or pleasure in the majority of activities. When their mood shifts in the other direction, the patient might feel euphoric and experience a burst of energy. Mood shifts can occur only a few times a year or, in some cases, as often as multiple times a week.
Bipolar disorder causes
The precise cause of bipolar disorder is still unknown. But many factors may be involved, including:
- Biological differences. People who suffer from bipolar disorder seem to have physical deviations in their brains. The significance of these deviations is still unknown but it could eventually help pinpoint the actual causes.
- Neurotransmitters. A disparity in naturally occurring brain chemicals that are known as neurotransmitters appear to play a noteworthy role in bipolar disorder as well as many other mood disorders.
- Inherited traits. Bipolar disorder is observed to be more common in people who have a first-degree relative, like a parent or, sibling who also suffer from the condition. Researchers are trying to locate genes that can be involved in causing bipolar disorder.
There are many different types of bipolar and related disorders. For every type, the precise symptoms of bipolar disorder can differ from person to person. Bipolar I and bipolar II disorders have additional specific features that can be added to the diagnosis. These are based on the patients’ particular symptoms.
Bipolar disorder criteria
Bipolar disorder is diagnosed by a criteria list rather than a list of symptoms. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which was published by the American Psychiatric Association, lists the various criteria for diagnosing bipolar and other related disorders. Mental health providers use this manual in order to diagnose mental conditions. It is also used by insurance companies in order to reimburse for treatment.
The diagnostic criteria for bipolar and other related disorders are based on the precise type of disorder:
- Bipolar I disorder –If the patient has had at least one manic episode. The manic episode might be preceded by, or followed by, major depressive or hypomanic episodes. Mania symptoms cause significant impairment in the patients’ life and could require hospitalization or perhaps trigger psychosis.
- Bipolar II disorder –If the patient has had one or more major depressive episodes, which lasted at least two weeks, as well as one or more hypomanic episodes, which lasted a minimum of four days, but have never experienced a manic episode. Major depressive episodes or erratic mood changes and behavioural changes can cause distress or struggle in certain areas of the patients’ life.
- Cyclothymic disorder –If the patient has had at least two years (or one year in cases of children and teenagers) of many periods of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms. During that time, the symptoms occur at least 50% of the time and never depart for more than two months. Symptoms cause extreme distress in certain areas of the patients’ life.
- Other types –These types include bipolar and related disorders that are caused by another medical condition, including Cushing’s disease, multiple sclerosis or a stroke. Another type is known as substance bipolar and medication-induced bipolar.
Bipolar II disorder is not in any way milder form of bipolar I disorder, but rather a completely separate diagnosis. While the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder have the ability to be severe and dangerous, patients with bipolar II disorder can suffer from depressed for extended periods, which can cause significant impairment.