Breast Cancer and Cannabis Oil Treatment
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer found in in women in the USA, after skin cancer. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it is far more common in women.
The causes of breast cancer are unclear.
Doctors know that breast cancer arises when some breast cells grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than the healthy cells do and continue to accumulate. This results in a lump or a mass of cancerous cells called a tumor. The cells might spread through the breast to the lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.
Breast cancer usually begins in cells in the milk-producing ducts. Breast cancer can also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules, or in other cells or tissues that form part of the breast.
Researchers have identified hormonal, environmental and lifestyle factors that can increase the risk of getting breast cancer. It is unclear, however, why some people with no risk factors still develop the cancer, yet other people with a few risk factors never do. It is likely that breast cancer is caused by a complex interaction of genetic makeup and environment.
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer include:
- Redness or pitting of the skin over the breast, like the skin of an orange
- Change in the size, appearance or shape of the breast
- A breast lump or thickening that feels unlike the surrounding tissue
- A newly inverted nipple
- Changes to the skin over the breast, for instance dimpling
- Peeling, flaking or scaling of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin
A doctor will determine the breast cancer treatment options based on the type of breast cancer, its stage and size, grade, and whether or not the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones. The doctor will also take into consideration the patient’s overall health and own preferences.
Most women undertake surgery for breast cancer and also receive extra treatment before or after surgery, such as chemo, radiation, or hormone therapy.
Unfortunately, surgery leaves women scarred both mentally and physically. Types of surgery include:
- Removing the breast cancer (lumpectomy). During lumpectomy, the surgeon removes the tumour along with a small margin of neighbouring healthy tissue. Lumpectomy is generally reserved for smaller tumours.
- Removing the entire breast (mastectomy). Mastectomy is an operation to remove all the breast tissue, usually including the nipple, except in cases of skin-sparing mastectomies, where the breast skin and often the nipple is left intact. This is done in order to improve reconstruction and appearance.
- Other types of surgery include:
- Removing a limited number of lymph nodes (sentinel node biopsy).
- Removing several lymph nodes (axillary lymph node dissection).
- Removing both breasts.