Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer and Cannabis Oil Treatment

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.

After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer found in in women in the USA. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women; however, it is far more common in women.

Causes

The causes breast cancer is unclear.

Doctors know that breast cancer arises when some breast cells grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than the healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, which results in a lump or mass. The cells might spread through the breast to the patients’ lymph nodes or to other parts of her body.

Breast cancer usually begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts. Breast cancer can also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules or in other cells or tissue that form part of the breast.

Researchers have identified hormonal, environmental and lifestyle factors that can increase a woman’s risk of getting breast cancer. However, it is unclear why some people who have no risk factors develop the cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do. It is likely that breast cancer is caused by a complex interaction of one’s genetic makeup and their environment.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer include:

  • Redness or pitting of the skin over the breast, like the skin of an orange
  • Change in the size, appearance or shape of the breast
  • A breast lump or thickening that feels unlike the surrounding tissue
  • A newly inverted nipple
  • Changes to the skin over the breast, for instance dimpling
  • Peeling, flaking or scaling of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin

Treatment

A doctor will determine the patients’ breast cancer treatment options based on her type of breast cancer, its stage and size, grade, and whether or not the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones. The doctor also takes the patients’ overall health and own preferences into consideration.

The majority of women undertake surgery for breast cancer and also receive extra treatment before or after surgery, such as chemo, radiation, or hormone therapy.

Unfortunately, surgery leaves women scarred both mentally and physically. Types of surgery include:

  • Removing the breast cancer (lumpectomy). During lumpectomy, the surgeon removes the tumour along with a small margin of neighbouring healthy tissue. Lumpectomy is generally reserved for smaller tumours.
  • Removing the entire breast (mastectomy). Mastectomy is an operation to remove all of your breast tissue, usually including the nipple, except in cases of skin-sparing mastectomies, where the breast skin and often the nipple is left intact. This is done in order to improve reconstruction and appearance.
  • Other types of surgery include:
    • Removing a limited number of lymph nodes (sentinel node biopsy).
    • Removing several lymph nodes (axillary lymph node dissection).
    • Removing both breasts.